Permainan Dart

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Permainan Dart

Post  FR 0170 on Mon Jun 02, 2008 9:18 pm

Andai antara anda yang pandai bermain dart bolehlah menyalurkan maklumat melalui ruangan ini

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darts game

Post  FR 0170 on Sun Jun 15, 2008 5:32 am

Darts is a variety of related games, in which darts are thrown at a circular target (dartboard) hung on a wall. Though various different boards and games have been used in the past, the term 'darts' usually now refers to a standardised game involving a specific board design and set of rules. As well as being a professional competitive activity, darts is a traditional pub game, commonly played by people in the United Kingdom (the first country to officially recognize darts as a sport), across the Commonwealth, the Netherlands, the Scandinavian countries, the United States and elsewhere.



Dartboards

Dartboards are usually made of sisal fibers or boar bristles; low quality boards are sometimes made of coiled paper. A regulation board is 18 inches (45.72 cm) in diameter and is divided into 20 sections. Each section is lined with thin metal wire, or a thin band of sheet metal that separates the sections. The numbers indicating the various scoring sections of the board are normally made of wire, especially on tournament-quality boards, but may be printed directly on the board instead.

Height and distance

In the standard game, the dartboard is hung so that the bullseye is 5 ft 8 in (1.73m) from the floor: eye-level for a six foot person. The oche (IPA: /'ɒki/) - the line behind which the throwing player must stand - is generally 7 ft 9 in (2.37m) from the face of the dartboard measured horizontally. This is the recognized world standard as set by the World Darts Federation and is played as such in most areas. Due to measurement error this may be incorrect in some places (such as measuring from the wall, rather than using a plumb line to measure from the board face). London 5 board or narrow 5's board set up is slightly different from the standard board. The height is set at 5 feet 6 inches to the center of the bull and the oche is at 9 feet from the face of the board.

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History of Darts

Post  FR 0170 on Sun Jun 15, 2008 5:35 am

The first recorded game of darts was in Dartford (hence its name). The dartboard itself may have its origins in the cross section of a tree. An old name for a dartboard is a 'butt', and from this, folk etymology infers that the bottoms of wine barrels were the original dartboards; this word in fact comes, via archery, from the French word butte, meaning target. Various designs of dartboard have been used, and regional variations remain in parts of Staffordshire, Manchester (log-end board) and Yorkshire. In particular, the Yorkshire and Perrigo Manchester boards differ from the standard board in that they have a single, inner bull and no treble ring. The london 5.s board is another variation. This has only 12 equal segments numbered 20,5,15 and 10 with the doubles and trebles being a quarter of a inch wide.

There is speculation that the game originated among soldiers throwing short arrows at the bottom of the cask or at the bottom of trunks of trees. As the wood dried, cracks would develop, creating "sections". Soon, regional standards emerged and many woodworkers supplemented bar tabs by fabricating dart boards for the local pubs.

The numbering plan generally in use today has a 20 on top; however, a great many other configurations have been used throughout the years and in different geographical locations. By most accounts, the numbering layout was devised by Brian Gamlin in 1896 to penalize inaccuracy. Although this applies to most of the board, the left-hand side (near the 14 section) is preferred by beginners, for its concentration of larger numbers. Mathematically, removing the rotational symmetry by placing the "20" at the top, there are 19!, or 121,645,100,408,832,000 possible dartboards. Many different layouts would penalize a player more than the current setup; however, the current setup actually does the job rather efficiently.

Scoring

The standard dartboard is divided into 20 numbered sections, scoring from 1 to 20 points, by wires running from the small central circle to the outer circular wire. Circular wires within the outer wire subdivide each section into single, double and triple areas.

Various games can be played (and still are played informally) using the standard dartboard. However, in the official game, any dart landing inside the outer wire scores as follows:

Hitting one of the large portions of each of the numbered sections, traditionally coloured black and white, scores the points value of that section.
Hitting the thin outer portions of these sections, coloured red and green, scores double the points value of that section.
Hitting the thin inner portions of these sections, roughly halfway between the outer wire and the central circle and again coloured red or green, scores triple the points value of that section.
The central circle is divided into a green outer ring worth 25 points (known as "outer", "outer bull", or "iris") and a red inner circle (usually known as "bull", "inner bull" or "double bull"), worth 50 points. The term "bullseye" can mean either the whole central part of the board or just the inner red section. The term "bull's ring" usually means just the green outer ring.
Hitting outside the outer wire scores nothing.
Any dart that does not remain in the board after throwing (for example, a dart that hits a wire and bounces out of the board or drops out with the impact of a later throw) also scores nothing. Variations on this rule exist - some judge that a dart which obviously hits a scoring section but then subsequently drops out will count if caught before it hits the floor or if it rebounds behind the throwing line before touching the ground it may be thrown again. In professional rules, a dart's tip must be touching a scoring section for the dart to count.
The highest score possible with 3 darts is 180, commonly known as a "ton 80" (100 points is called a ton), obtained when all three darts land in the triple 20. In the televised game, the referee frequently announces a score of 180 in exuberant style.

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Playing darts

Post  FR 0170 on Sun Jun 15, 2008 5:36 am

The sport of darts is usually contested between 2 players who take turns in throwing up to three darts. Starting from a set score, usually 501 or 301, a player wins by reducing his score to zero. The last dart in the leg must hit either a double or the inner portion of the bullseye, which is the double of the outer bull, and must reduce the score to exactly 0. Successfully doing so is known as "doubling out" or "checking out" (see the Glossary of darts for more darts terminology). A throw that would reduce a player's score to less than zero does not count, his turn ends, and his score is reset to what it was before that turn. (Sometimes in friendly games a player is allowed a dog's chance by "splitting the eleven" if he has a remaining score of 1: this requires placing a final dart between the legs of the number 11 in the normally non-scoring part of the board.) Since the double areas are small, doubling out is usually the most difficult and tense part of a leg. Longer matches are often divided into sets, each comprising some number of legs.

Although playing straight down from 501 is standard in darts, other variations exist, notably "doubling in", where players must hit a double to begin scoring, with all darts thrown before said double contributing nothing to their score. Other games that are commonly played differ in their scoring methods. These include "Round The Clock", "Jumpers", "Killer" and the more complicated "Cricket".

In "Round the Clock", players must hit each numbered section in turn, finishing with a bull to win. Far from being a beginner's game, Round The Clock is a good training game since it practises targeting all areas of the board, a skill which is essential when finishing a classic leg.

In Killer, a number of players "own" a number on the dartboard (often selected by throwing a dart with their non-playing arm) and compete to build up "lives" (by hitting that number) until a threshold is reached (usually 4 or 6) before attempting to "kill" other players by removing the lives they have built up (by hitting those other players' number) until a single player is left.

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Re: Permainan Dart

Post  FR 0170 on Mon Jun 23, 2008 7:33 am

SEMOGA SEDIKIT PENERANGAN INI DAPAT MEMBERI KEFAHAMAN KEPADA ANDA SEMUA....

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Re: Permainan Dart

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